Auxano Ministry 
By the grace of God I am what I am: 
 1 Cor. 15:10a​
HomeArchivesAbout Us Audio ArchivesContact UsDonateChartsLinks

Training Disciples
Exodus 18:13-27
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even? And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God: When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws. And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good. Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee. If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace. So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves. And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.

Moses set up leadership training. The purpose was for the people to know the words of God. The people would come to the leaders that Moses had chosen and taught, and these leaders were to give the people the words of God. Understand, these leaders had to be taught. They did not know God because of their own lives and walks. They taught what Moses had received from God.

Exodus 18:20
And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

Without a one on one relationship with God man needed to follow the one who was walking with God. People were required to follow the teacher and his teachings. This is discipleship. The disciple can never go beyond his teacher simply by means of his five senses. In order to grow beyond what he has been taught a disciple would need to have spirit upon in his own life.

Perhaps it needs to be stated that nothing was wrong with being a disciple in the Patriarchal, Law or Christ Administrations. Any individual who could be called a disciple was someone who exercised discipline and acted with believing concerning the things they were taught. The commitment and dedication of a disciple is worthy of praise and honor.

God's desire was for Israel to know and obey His will. God desired His Word to be spoken so that man could believe rightly. God knew if men would speak His Word, then others could follow these men and receive the blessings of believing.

At times the problem was getting someone to speak for God. At other times, the problem was getting people to listen and follow the one speaking. Samuel was a man who believed God and spoke for God to His people.

1 Samuel 3:19-20
And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words fall to the ground. And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD.

Samuel also found men that desired to obey God and carry His Word to Israel. These are men that Samuel taught. These are men that followed both the teacher and his teachings.

1 Samuel 10:10
And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.

This verse is speaking of King Saul. A company means, a cord, a company of men bound together in a society. This was a training program that became known as the school of the prophets.

1 Samuel 19:20
And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.

Samuel was the leader of the school of the prophets. In time there were more of these schools in Israel (2 Kings 2:3 Bethel - 2:5 Jericho - 2 Kings 4:38 Gilgal).

The point of these schools was to be trained in the Word of God; this was the commitment they all shared. Some would say that they lived by the motto “It is Written”.

2 Kings 4:1
Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen.

Within these schools the teacher would be known as father and the student would be called son. These are terms that show their close relationship, it is an orientialism. The term father was used out of respect and honor for the teacher. While the terms father and son demonstrate the close relationship and bond between the two. According to custom, anything that influences a person, either good or bad is shown by this relationship.

Ephesians 2:2-3
Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Ephesians 5:8
For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light: 

Neither “disobedience” in verse 2:3 nor “light” in 5:8 are literal fathers but rather both are used to show the relationship between the individual and the entity that is named. 

1 Timothy 1:2
Unto Timothy, my own son in the faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God our Father and Jesus Christ our Lord.

Timothy was not literally Paul’s child but Paul raised Timothy up in the words of the Gospel of Grace to the Administration of Grace.

Those who trained under the prophets were called the sons of the prophets. Another word for these men could be disciples. They were disciplined men that stood with and ministered to the prophet. They also carried the words the prophet taught to the people.

Samuel lived around 1050 B.C. This type of training continued even after it was no longer a godly endeavor. 680 years after Samuel there was another school similar to the school of the prophets. It was called the Academy and the teacher was Plato. One of Plato's disciples was a man named Aristotle. Later Aristotle started his own school, called the Lyceum. One of his disciples was a boy named Alexander, also known as Alexander the Great.

Luke 2:41-47
Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it. But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

There was a section in the Temple that was set aside for the Doctors of the Law to sit with their disciples. When they met in the open like this, it was the custom to allow others to be a part of the teaching and learning, which included the asking of questions concerning the law. At the age of twelve Jesus sat down in this area with the Doctors of the Law and they were astonished.

This type of teaching was known as dialogue. It means that the teaching comes in the form of a conversation or discussion. Paul used this same teaching technique in the Book of Acts.

Acts 19:9
But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

The Greek word translated “disputed” is dialegomai and means, “to discuss, converse, to speak alternatingly”. This type of teaching is a running dialogue or conversation. This is where Joseph and Mary found Jesus.

Paul also went to one of these schools that was taught by a Doctor of the Law whose name was Gamaliel.

Acts 22:3 
I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, and taught according to the perfect manner of the law of the fathers, and was zealous toward God, as ye all are this day.

At the feet of Gamaliel is again an orientialism referring to the position of the student or disciple. The teacher was slightly raised and his students would sit at his feet. This expression was used to communicate who had taught you. For Paul, his teacher of the Law and traditions of Israel was Gamaliel.

Acts 5:34
Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space;

Gamaliel was a Doctor of the Law and Paul was also an excellent student, an excellent disciple.

Philippians 3:5-6
Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee; Concerning zeal, persecuting the church; touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

Learning from a Doctor of the Law, in one of these schools, would have given Paul first hand, experiential knowledge of this method of teaching. Also in learning from a Doctor of the Law Paul would acquire a great knowledge of the Old Testament scriptures. He would have known about Samuel and Elisha and the school of the prophets. He would have been aware of how these men trained others to carry and speak the words of God. Thus you can see Paul set up his own school.

Acts 19:9
But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

Paul would have been well aware of the history of these schools. He would have understood their methods and their profit. Even to the point of using the dialogue method as a means to teach his disciples.

Paul was well versed in this type of teaching and learning. Jesus Christ stopped in one of these schools, at least one time, but would have been very knowledgeable of this type of training because of his knowledge of the Old Testament. The apostles of Jesus Christ did not have this type of education officially. That is why the apostles are called unlearned and ignorant men.

Acts 4:13
Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.

These men never went to a school taught by a Doctor of the Law, nor had they ever been to a school of the prophets. Rather they went to school with the Living Word of God. Like in 2 Kings with Elisha, these men lived with Jesus day in and day out. They had seen him act in all manner of situations. They had seen him handle the Word in every possible situation. They were in the school of life taught and directed and led by the one who followed every word of the Author of life. They were the disciples of Jesus Christ, the only one who had a clear, uncorrupted view of God since the time in the Garden.