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By the grace of God I am what I am: 
 1 Cor. 15:10a​
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The Twelfth Apostle   Acts 1:20-26
Acts 1:20-26
For it is written in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and let no man dwell therein: and his bishoprick let another take. Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection. And they appointed two, Joseph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.

If Judas took his own life right after he realized what he had done, why didn’t Jesus Christ appoint another apostle during the forty days he was on earth after his resurrection? The apostles have a big job ahead of them. They are to take the Word of God that they were taught by Jesus to the rest of Israel, beginning at Jerusalem and moving out to the dispersia of Israel. They are also supposed to take God’s Word to the Gentile world. Then, in the Kingdom of Heaven Administration they will judge Israel.

Matthew 19:28
And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

When Israel is in their restored kingdom, with Jesus Christ as their King, the twelve apostles will sit upon twelve thrones judging Israel. The apostles have a big job ahead of them, an important job. If Judas had died before his Ascension Jesus Christ would have selected the apostle to replace Judas himself.

Peter also gives a curious standard that this new apostle must meet.

Acts 1:21-22
Wherefore of these men which have companied with us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.

How did Peter come up with this standard for the new apostle?

John 15:27
And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning. 

It was the standard Jesus set while he was alive. Peter is following what he has been taught.

Roman 15:8
Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers:

Jesus Christ came as a minister to the circumcision. The circumcision is the nation of Israel and those Gentile proselytes that stood with the nation of Israel.

Matthew 15:22-24
And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

“I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” This is to whom Jesus was sent and whom he trained his apostles to reach.

Galatians 2:7-8
But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter; (For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)

Again, the circumcision is Israel. The Roman Catholic Church claims Peter as their first Pope, we won’t discuss the fact that the title Pope appears nowhere in the Bible or the fact that Peter never gets to Rome in the Bible. Does this mean the Roman Catholic Church believes itself to be the circumcision and its followers to be Jewish or proselytes?

Peter and the other apostles were trained by Jesus to go to Israel. The epistles of Peter are written to Israel.

1 Peter 1:1
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

The scattered are the dispersia. The dispersia are those from the nation of Israel that have been scattered into other countries. There is a small dispersia in the book of Acts.

Acts 8:1
And Saul was consenting unto his death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered (diaspeirō) abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.

In the eighth century B.C. the ten northern tribes were carried away by Assyria. In the seventh century B.C. the two southern tribes were carried away by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. Seventy years after the southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin were carried away to Babylon, Cyrus, ruler of the Persians who had conquered Babylon, allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem.

Bible scholars estimate fifty thousand Jews returned to Jerusalem when Cyrus allowed them to leave Babylon while an estimated one million, or more, remained in Babylon. These million or so Jews are a part of the dispersia. The Jews of the dispersia have no idea the promised Messiah has come to Jerusalem. Part of the task of the apostles is to reach this dispersia.

Peter writes his epistles to the dispersia and where do you think Peter was when he wrote his epistles?

1 Peter 5:13
The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.

Peter was in Babylon when he wrote to the dispersia in Asia Minor. Why Babylon, because Babylon had the largest population of Jews outside of Jerusalem. Now some have taught that the word Babylon here is really a secret code to keep his location in Rome hidden. An entire mythology has arisen around the time Peter supposedly was in Rome, like being crucified upside down. With no backing from scriptures we have a mythology about what happened to all of the apostles. Now you can go with the mythology and secret codes or simply believe what God declares in His Word.

I learned enough mythology while studying Roman, Greek, and Egyptian cultures. But when it comes to God I desire the Truth not mythology.

The twelfth apostle needed the same training as the other eleven, “Beginning from the baptism of John, unto that same day that he was taken up from us, must one be ordained to be a witness with us of his resurrection.” 

Matthais was selected to replace Judas because he had been there from the beginning of the ministry of Jesus Christ.