The point of transition into the Law Administration is the man, Moses. He was the spiritual leader that brought Israel out of the land of bondage and the one who received the Law from God.
Numbers 12:3, 7
(Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.) My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house.
And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.
God declares Moses the meekest man on the face of the earth and that he was faithful and that God spoke with him face to face as you would speak with a friend. Like Abraham, Moses communed with God, he had fellowship with God.
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
And the LORD went his way, as soon as he had left communing with Abraham: and Abraham returned unto his place.
It wouldn’t have made sense to Abraham that you would need a law in order to fellowship with God just as Moses needed no law. Abraham walked and talked with God as though it was the natural thing for a man to do. Abraham believed God and God counted it to Abraham for righteousness.
Righteousness is doing the right thing. Abraham believed God, it was the right thing to do. You’re not embarrassed about what you have said when you say the right thing. When you have done the right thing there is no shame or feelings of inferiority. Does that mean that Abraham’s works earned him righteousness? Or that Abraham never made a mistake?
Abraham had a corrupt nature, a sin nature like everyone that inherited Adam’s nature (and that would mean all of us). Abraham could no more earn his righteousness than any other man who is descendant from Adam. Abraham believed God, that was the right thing to do, and God counted him as righteousness.
What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found? For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
The grace of God is in every administration for God is always gracious. To receive grace is to receive something that is completely unmerited and unearned. To give grace is to freely give in love for the benefit and blessing of the one receiving. Abraham believed God and God “counted it unto him for righteousness.” It was not by works but by God’s grace.
For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith [believing]. For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith [believing] is made void, and the promise made of none effect: Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression. Therefore it is of faith [believing], that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith [believing] of Abraham; who is the father of us all,
The Law wasn’t given to make a man righteous but to direct a man to the righteousness God would provide to all who believe His words. Abraham believed God’s words, God’s promise of salvation. God showed Abraham a day when his family, his descendants would also fellowship with God in all holiness and righteousness.
The oath which he sware to our father Abraham, That he would grant unto us [the children of Abraham through the twelve tribes], that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
If having a law would have been so foreign to Abraham then why did God give a law to the nation of Israel?
Moses walked with God like his father Abraham but Israel never really understood what was happening spiritually. God gave the law to Israel because, like a child, they needed a tutor, a supervisor to oversee conduct and show correct behavior.
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster [paidagōgos] to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
A paidagogos or tutor was a guardian and guide of boys. Among the Greeks and the Romans the name was applied to trustworthy slaves who were charged with the duty of supervising the life and morals of boys belonging to the better class. The boys were not allowed so much as to step out of the house without their paidagogos before arriving at the age of manhood. What an amazing word for God to use to describe a function of the Law.
The Law was a tutor that supervised the lives and directed the morals of the nation of Israel. They were to take the Law of God with them, in their heart and soul, everywhere they went. And they were to wear it upon their heads and hands.
Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they may be as frontlets between your eyes.
Israeli men wore what is called phylacteries which were small leather boxes that they put on their left hands, or wrists, and around their head. These boxes would contain verses of scriptures. This is how Israel was to “bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they may be frontlets between your eyes.” The Roman Catholic Church had continued this practice in the past with a phylactery wore on a cord around the neck.
Therefore the Law acted much like the tutor or guardian spoken of in the book of Galatians to bring Israel unto The Christ.
Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
The law was necessary because Israel had no idea how to walk with and fellowship with God.
He made known his ways unto Moses, his acts unto the children of Israel.
Moses had an understanding of God’s heart but Israel never got past simply seeing the actions of God. Like small children who can see the many actions of their parents but lack a comprehension of their parents actions, Israel didn’t understand why God was doing the things they witnessed. In many ways Israel’s lack of comprehension is understandable.
When Israel leaves Egypt we are about twenty-five hundred years from the Garden of Eden and about nine hundred years from the flood. Over the course of those nine hundred years, due to a lack of spiritual insight and understanding, people are making up their own god and their own ways of worship.
There is only one Christ line, the line from which The Christ will come, and that line from Noah is Shem. Japheth understood and accepted the Christ-line through Shem but Ham did not. The descendants of Ham include the nations of Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Jebusites, and other enemies of Israel. How many versions of god grew up among these peoples during the nine hundred years after the flood?
Add to these peoples the descendants of Ishmael, the descendants of Esau, Abraham’s six sons by his second wife Ketruah and you have many people closely related to the nation of Israel but not related to the revelation given by God concerning the coming Christ. How many versions of God have been introduced into the world by God’s enemy through these nations?
By the time Israel leaves Egypt they have been in bondage to the descendants of Ham for about one hundred and fifty years. There is no record of any man standing before the nation of Israel to speak for God since the death of Joseph, one hundred and fifty years before the Exodus. Consider the multitude of misinformation in the world concerning God. How much did the version change through the years to reflect the rightful position of the importance of Ham, Ishmael, the sons of Ketruah, and Esau? Did these men really teach their families that they rejected God and that their other brother was really God's man?
By the time Israel follows Moses out of Egypt they have been introduced to many gods and many plans of redemption. Therefore Israel didn’t understand the ways of God, they only saw actions. Often when man fails to understand a thing, what he does not know produces fear.
So God gave to Moses a law, a tutor or guardian, to help them understand what they should do and what they should not do. Abraham didn’t need a law and Moses didn’t need a law but Israel did need the law.
For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
The law was a shadow of which Christ is the image that casts the shadow. If the priesthood had been faithful to teach the words of God to the people, they would have been able to see the image the law pointed toward.
For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
It was the priesthood that should have taught the people of Israel but the priesthood became no more than a religious hierarchy.
My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace. All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers.
God also sent prophets to Israel but Israel had never developed a long suit in listening and obeying.
Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.
Not only didn’t Israel listen to the prophets, they also killed the prophets, led by the priesthood that should have been teaching the words of God.
The feast days, which were part of the law, also pointed the way to the coming Christ. The feast of Passover pointed to the shed blood of the Christ for the remission of sins. The feast of Unleavened Bread pointed to the sinless life of the Christ and the feast of First fruits pointed to Christ’s resurrection from the dead. These three feasts pointed to the sufferings of the coming Christ, as prophesied beginning in Genesis 3 with the bruising of his heel.
The feast of Pentecost dealt with the receiving of the Mosaic Law but when Pentecost was “fully come” it was about the coming of the New Covenant cut by Christ before his death on the cross. The feast of Trumpets or the Jewish New Year, deals with the arrival of the King; both his birth in Bethlehem and his return as Lord of lords and King of kings. The feast of Yom Kippur, or the day of Atonement points to the resurrection of the Just while the feast of Tabernacles points to the Kingdom of Heaven when Israel shall dwell in the land they have been promised. These last three feasts deal with the glory of Genesis 3, the bruising of his head.
In the Mosaic Law God required all Israeli men to come to the Temple for the feasts of Passover, Pentecost, and Tabernacles. Israel so failed to obey the law that they didn’t even celebrate the feast of Tabernacles for about eight hundred and fifty years.
And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua [Joshua] the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.
Booths were made for the feast of Tabernacles. Ezra is reading to and teaching the people after they have returned from their captivity in Babylon. From the days of Joshua the son of Nun until the days they returned from Babylon is eight hundred and fifty years. For eight hundred and fifty years God’s enemy, Israel’s adversary has stolen from them the joy of celebrating the feast of Tabernacles which was the feast in celebration of the glory that was to come. The adversary had stolen from Israel their hope of the coming victory in Christ. When people have no hope of victory they generally wait for their defeat.
Israel had failed so completely when it came to adhering to the Law that the last four hundred and fifty years to about five hundred years before the coming of Christ that there was no man of God in Israel. For all of those years Israel walked in darkness as a nation. It didn’t have to be like this, Israel could have received God’s words with believing. Israel could have been edified by the words of God and they could have enjoyed fellowship with Him but all good things were missed because of unbelief.
Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith.
Believing the words of God is the key to success in every administration.
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes. The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
David saw the heart of God in the Mosaic Law; he saw the greatness and necessity of the words of God. David saw the image of which the law was only a shadow and he rejoiced in his fellowship with God.
But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,