The Gospel of Christ
God’s Gospel and the Gospel of Christ work together in this manner, God’s gospel as it pertains to Christ. God’s gospel as it pertains to Christ only has application in the Administration of Grace. That Christ was coming was revealed, what God would accomplish through Christ was hidden.
Eleven times the phrase, “The gospel of Christ” is seen in the Pauline epistles. Although, when you go to the texts only eight are actually in God’s Word. All these occurrences are in the genitive case and are a genitive of relation. All eight occurrences are in the Pauline epistles, or epistles addressed to believers in the Administration of Grace.
What is the gospel of Christ telling us?
Why is it only in epistles addressed to believers in our administration?
Which three references have additions to the text?
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
“Of Christ” was added to the text. Romans 1:1 set for us that we are discussing God’s Gospel. By the figure of speech ellipsis, the words “of God” could be added after the word gospel in Romans chapter one, verse sixteen, “gospel of God,” or “God’s gospel,” bringing this forward from the context.
An accurate understanding of Romans 1:16 would read, “I am not ashamed of God’s Gospel, for it is the power of God unto salvation…”
And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.
1 Corinthians 9:18
What is my reward then? Verily that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ without charge, that I abuse not my power in the gospel.
Both verses have additions to the text and drop us down to eight occurrences of the phrase “gospel of Christ.
Dr. E.W. Bullinger says of the number eight, “Denotes resurrection, regeneration; a new beginning or commencement.”
The Administration of Grace is about the power of the resurrection of Christ in us. It is our regeneration, our new birth spiritually. It is our new beginning and our commencement in the Kingdom of God.
Jesus spoke with his disciples about their regeneration.
And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, that ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
Regeneration is the Greek word paliggenesia. It is only used twice in God’s Word.
Helps Word-studies: paliggenesía (from pálin, "again" and génesis, "birth, beginning") properly, the coming of new birth because "born again"; regeneration.
Those who follow Jesus, with respect to Israel and the New Covenant, will receive regeneration when he sits on his throne of glory, which will happen in the Millennial Kingdom. That is also when the resurrection of the Just and the New Covenant will occur. Notice their regeneration will occur when they are literally raised from the dead.
Jesus spoke concerning Israel and their new birth, being born from above as Jesus explained to Nicodemus in the third chapter of the Gospel of John. For a more complete understanding of Israel’s new birth consider Ezekiel chapter 37 and Jeremiah chapter 31.
But the second time this word, regeneration, is used is in Titus and concerns the Administration of Grace.
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost
The regeneration or new birth of those who believe in the Administration of Grace is NOW! It is a present tense reality.
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy…
First, not by anything we have done, no work we have accomplished. But by God’s mercy, God’s compassion. Mercy is God withholding punishment, judgment we have earned.
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
The Greek word for mercy is defined at Blue Letter Bible as; to help one afflicted. The Hebrew word for mercy is defined in Blue Letter Bible as; goodness and kindness.
When we were dead in sins (Romans 1:19-3:20 and Ephesians 2:1-5), God, by His kindness and goodness, helped us out of our affliction and by His grace provided salvation.
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us…
How did God do this?
… by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost
“By” is dia and should be translated through the “washing of regeneration.” Two points to consider here. First, washing of regeneration is a genitive of apposition and should be translated as “washing that is to say, regeneration.” The regeneration is the washing.
I understand many want to add water in here, but we just read, “not by works of righteousness we have done.” If I have added one drop or an entire ocean of water, I would have just accomplished a work of righteousness. Understand the proper use of the genitive case, I refer to Dr. Bullinger. 1
The second point we need to understand is the figure of speech hendiadys, which is two things, in this case nouns, stated but one thing meant. This figure of speech is formed with the word’s regeneration and spirit. God’s gift of holy spirit is our regeneration, our new birth.
The word “and” is the Greek word kai and in this verse should be translated even. The word “renewing” is the Greek word anakainosis. The prefix ana means up or again. Kainos; “(probably from root ken = freshly come or begun) is an adjective which refers to that which is a new kind (unprecedented, novel, uncommon, unheard of).” 2
An essence of the last part of this verse would read, “…through the washing, that is to say regeneration, which is God’s gift of spirit, which is holy even an extraordinarily new and unheard of life.”
I apologize for my lack of grammar skills to fully portray the fullness of what God has packed into this verse. But His point is clear. When God created His gift of holy spirit within the one who believes he has received a new birth, a regeneration. This is our adoption as sons and daughters! This is our identification in Christ! This is our welcome back into the Kingdom of God! This is our newness of life!
This is the uniqueness of the Administration of Grace. This is what was hidden in God!
Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ [Christ Jesus in the text] were baptized into his death? Therefore, we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness [kainotes from its root kainos] of life.
This is our identification in Christ. When he was raised from the dead so were we, unlike Israel, we do not physically die. The word “baptized” is baptizo in the text and it deals with identification. While the word “baptism” is the Greek word baptisma and speaks of the ritual related to the baptism.
So, what does all this mean? It means we are identified in Christ. When he was raised from the dead so were we, if we have participated in the ritual of a baptism in Christ.
What is the ritual?
That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
When we confess Jesus as Lord and believe God raised him from the dead, we are identified in Christ. We receive all that God accomplished for the believer in Christ Jesus. For a full understanding of the five words associated with baptism see Book of Acts…The Integrity of God’s Word.
What is the best way to keep a secret? Tell no one.
1 Corinthians 2:7-8
But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery [a divine or sacred secret], even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world [aion (plural) = ages] unto our glory: which none of the princes of this world knew: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.
Read that again, slowly. Allow these words to settle into your heart. This is God in Christ in you. This is the power of God in you.
Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery [sacred secret] of Christ)
And to make all men see what is the fellowship [oikonomia = administration] of the mystery [sacred secret], which from the beginning of the world [aion (plural) = ages] hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
God kept this secret within Himself, until He revealed it to the Apostle Paul.
Had the Adversary known this secret he would not have crucified our Lord. Consider that again, and again, and again. The Adversary would rather deal with Jesus Christ day after day, then deal with God in Christ in you.
Now, God’s gospel as it pertains to the gospel of Christ.
Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
This becomes the first use of the phrase the gospel of Christ. The gospel of Christ shows us that God’s gift of holy spirit came with mighty signs and wonders, by the power of God.
Both mighty and power are the Greek word dynamis (dunamis) which means potential power. It is potential power until the believer operates that spirit that was created within (2 Corinthians 5:17). God’s gospel, as it pertains to Christ is powerful, producing signs and wonders as directed by God.
Adam had received dominion in the Garden, but he made the decision to bow to the Adversary rather than exercise his authority. Now, every child of God, every regenerated believer by God’s gift of holy spirit has that same decision when confronted with the logic and thoughts the Adversary has incorporated into the world.
Adam never faced the Adversary. He was confronted by the words of the Adversary spoken by Eve. The same is true today. We are not confronted by the Adversary, we are confronted by his logic, his reasonings, his lies (John 8:44).
An open door presents itself, the opportunity to speak God’s Word is before you. An opportunity to walk forth on God’s Word. Then the thoughts of the world come flooding into your mind. Each day the child of God is presented with the doubts and fears the Adversary has placed in the world (Romans 7:22-23).
What will you decide?
Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith [active believing] of the gospel.
The word “conversation” is the Greek word politeuomai and it means your conduct as a citizen. Our citizenship is in heaven (Philippians 3:20), where Christ sits at the right hand of God. When the logic of the world confronts you, let your conduct be as a citizen of heaven. Remember, we are here as Ambassadors for Christ (2 Corinthians 5:20).
The Greek word translated “affairs” is the preposition peri which means concerning all things, all around you. If you put a dot on a piece of paper, then moving out from the dot drew a circle around that dot you would have peri. All things, completely around you. Then the Greek word translated “stand fast” is steko, which means to persevere, to stand firm.
How do you conduct yourself as a citizen of heaven?
In Philippi Paul exercised his rights as a Roman citizen. He did it again in Jerusalem and again in Caesarea. The key is knowing your rights. Before you can exercise a right, you must know your rights. What are your rights as a citizen of heaven?
In Antioch of Pisidia the leaders of the synagogue were jealous, “filled with envy” (Acts 13:45), and began to verbally attack Paul (blaspheming him). What right did Paul claim as a citizen of heaven? Did Paul stand fast, steko?
Once you have received God’s gift of holy spirit, in Christ you are more powerful than the Adversary, but that does not mean he will leave you alone. He wants to shut you up. He needs to shut you up!
1 Thessalonians 3:2
And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister [fellow worker] of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith:
The verse accurately reads;
“And sent Timothy, our brother, and fellow worker under God in the gospel of Christ, in order to strengthen you and to encourage you in your believing.”
Timothy who was sent to Corinth, Timothy who was sent to Ephesus, Timothy is sent to Thessalonica, as a fellow worker under God. We must always remember it is the power of God that works in us, we are not powerful in ourselves. Timothy is sent to establish, meaning to strengthen. The Greek word is sterizo, coming from the same root word as steko, to stand fast.
Helps Word-studies: stērízō (from stēringks, "a support that fixes, plants down"; akin to hístēmi, "to stand," having a duplication of the primitive Greek root/sta, "to make stand") properly, set fast (fix); give support to secure (firmly establish); solidly plant (which eliminates vacillation).
Paul sent his best to make firm, to strengthen, to solidify, to stabilize the believing of those who believed in Thessalonica. Remember, back in Acts chapter 17, Paul was only in Thessalonica for three weeks and the Thessalonians were under persecution.
1 Thessalonians 3:3
That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.
Timothy came to Thessalonica to help settle God’s Word in the minds of those who believed. So that, they were not moved, not swayed away from the right way of believing. The word “moved” is saino in the Greek and it means to wag like a dog’s tail, moving back and forth. The Greek word translated “afflictions” is thlipsis. Thlipsis is mental pressure.
The Adversary is going to mentally apply pressure by attacking the words of God in your mind. Comparing God’s words to the words of the Adversary that fill the world.
Which words do you believe?
Where do you stand?
As a citizen of heaven?
As an Ambassador for Christ?
Or will you line up along side of Adam?
1 Thessalonians 3:4
For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.
The Adversary’s great fear, that men and women around the world see, understand, and walk forth in God’s gospel as it pertains to what God accomplished for us in Christ. That men and women from around the world would walk forth in the power and might of God in Christ in each and every one who believes during the days of this administration.
See it in your mind, not one Jesus Christ walking the earth but hundreds, thousands, even millions of men and women walking around the world established and confident of the Christ in each and every believer. This is why the Adversary would not have crucified Jesus. He would rather face one Jesus verses millions of us. The Adversary saw in his mind millions of us walking forth in knowledge and power and it scared him.
Many of the fears the Adversary wants to promote in your life are already in your mind. Logic and attitudes the world has been teaching every person since each was an infant. You must be established in God’s Word to be able to stand firmly as a citizen of heaven, as a child of God.
Timothy came to Thessalonica to establish God’s Word in the mind of every believer. So that they would be encouraged concerning, again peri, their believing in all areas.
If you do not get established, strengthened in God’s Word as it pertains to Christ. The foundation of the Administration of Grace, then you can be moved, swaying back and forth like a dog’s wagging tail.
I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: Which is not another; but there be some that trouble you and would pervert the gospel of Christ.
The phrase “I marvel” is the figure of speech thaumasmos, expressing a feeling by way of wonder. Paul is shocked that they were so quickly removed from the grace of Christ, the grace of God they had received through Christ. Rather than stand in the unmerited favor of God, the Galatians began to work for what God had freely given. Remember Titus 3:5, not by works of righteousness we have done. Not one drop of water for the washing of regeneration.
Paul personally visited the cities in Galatia more than any other area where he preached the foundation of Christ, yet they were not established, sterizo.
The Greek word for “removed” is metatithemi. The prefix meta speaks to the mental disposition with which an action is performed.3 Tithemi means set, or placed, to fix or establish. Those who believed in Galatia did not mentally stay with the gospel of grace, the gospel pertaining to Christ. They did not stay mentally where the gospel of Christ has placed them.
There are two different Greek words translated “another” in these verses. In verse 1:6 we have the Greek word heteros which means another of a different kind. While in 1:7 we have the Greek word allos which means another of the same kind.
In verse six Paul is amazed the Galatians were so quickly moved, mentally, to a different gospel, moving from a gospel of grace to a gospel of works.
Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.
“Stand fast” is the Greek word steko, the same word used in Philippians concerning your conduct as a citizen of heaven.
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
The reasoning of the Adversary permeates the thinking of the world. Those who stand with the Adversary will carry, promote, and try to enforce his reasonings upon others. The Greek word for “frustrate” is atheteo. It is a compound word from alpha and tithemi. Alpha, when used as a prefix means no. Tithemi means to set or place. The Galatians came to the point that they set aside or had no place for the gospel of grace. They rejected grace and, in its place, they placed their own works.
Consider Elymus once again.
…thou enemy of all righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the right ways of the Lord?
In Galatians 1:7, the Greek word for pervert is metastrepho and in Acts 13:10 the Greek word is diastrepho. The difference is in the prefixes. The Greek word strepho means to turn around. In Acts dia is used because it refers to how the Adversary and his workers turn around everything in God’s Word. While in Galatia they are only turning things around in one area, circumcision.
Thlipsis, mental pressure, will come to every child of God. For every right you have received from God, the Adversary has a way to turn it, to pervert it. If the child of God is not firm, not established in what God has declared in His Word concerning Christ, then that child will frustrate the grace of God.
God’s children need to be sterizo, established, so that they can stand fast, steko when the reasonings of the Adversary come calling.
This brings us to two occurrences of the phrase the gospel of Christ that involve shared abundance.
2 Corinthians 9:13
Whiles by the experiment of this ministration they glorify God for your professed subjection unto the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal distribution unto them, and unto all men.
Paul is encouraging the Corinthians to follow through with their expressed desire to share of their abundance.
And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Abram (Abraham) gave tithes to Melchizedek, the priest of the most high God. God had just given Abram a great victory over Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with him. Chedorlaomer had previously defeated the kings of Sodom, Admah, Gomorrah, Zeboiimm, and Zoar.
Besides taking the goods from these cities Chedorlaomer also took Lot, the nephew of Abram, which was his mistake. Abram stood for his nephew and went after Chedorlaomer. After the defeat of Chedorlaomer Abram is offered the spoils of the victory.
And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:
Abram’s response was to swear to God, to make an oath before all. Abram wanted it known that it was God who prospered him, not another man. Therefore, Abram gives tithes to Melchizedek and refuses to take any spoils from his victory.
Likewise, when the child of God shares of his abundance, he is acknowledging that it is God who has prospered him in all areas. When a person in our administration shares of his abundance he is declaring his trust and confidence in God to continue to care for his every need. Not only physically, but also spiritually.
1 Corinthians 9:12
If others be partakers of this power over you, are not we rather? Nevertheless, we have not used this power; but suffer all things, lest we should hinder the gospel of Christ.
The word power, used twice, is exousia, which means authority. It is an authority conferred by the Lord to a leader in the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 9:14). A leader can receive an income, can live from the shared abundance.
Helps Word-studies: eksousía (from ek, "out from," which intensifies eimí, "to be, being as a right or privilege") authority, conferred power; delegated empowerment ("authorization"), operating in a designated jurisdiction.
What is going on here? Why is Paul defending himself?
Paul is accused along three lines. In verse four there is an accusation about food. Then in verse five his relationships with other believers. Then, in verse six, abuse of the shared abundance of the Corinthians. Later in second Corinthians Paul will discuss the false apostles in Corinth.
The word “hinder” is the Greek word egkope and it means to cut in. It was used of cutting a trench in the ground to slow down an advancing enemy. Here Paul is using it to speak of slowing down the movement of the gospel of Christ by cutting in to live on the shared abundance from the Corinthians.
Paul is saying he has the authority to live from their shared abundance, as other leaders are currently doing. But he has chosen not to receive any shared abundance from the Corinthians so as not to hinder or cut in and slow down the movement of the gospel of Christ. Rather he has chosen to work and provide for his own needs. You will remember in Acts 18:2-3, when Paul was in Corinth, he was living with Aquila because they were of like occupation.
Paul is not teaching the gospel pertaining to Christ because of a paycheck, but willingly because it is his heart.
1 Corinthians 9:19-23 is the figure of speech paremble. A type of parenthesis that can stand on its own. What it shows us is how willing Paul is to preach the gospel pertaining to Christ. How willing he is to not hinder the movement of the gospel of Christ.
2 Corinthians 4:3-4
But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
There are those who will refuse to see or hear God’s gospel as it pertains to Christ. There are men like Festus who thought Paul was insane or men like Agrippa that are almost persuaded to believe what God revealed to Paul (Acts 26).
The Sanhedrin could not see the accuracy of Stephen’s words even though they saw his face as it had been the face of an angel (Acts 6 and 7).
The Greek word translated “lost’ is apollymi and it means perishing or destroyed. It is also used in John 10:10. The Adversary comes to steal, to kill, to destroy.
The Greek word tuphloo is translated blinded.
Helps Word-studies: typhlóō (from typhlós) "having a cloudy perspective," properly, blowing smoke which causes (spiritual) blindness, i.e. experiencing "clouded vision."
The Adversary blows a lot of smoke, and some get so caught up in the smoke they cannot see what is right in front of them.
And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind [typhlos – adjective], a light of them which are in darkness, An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law. Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal? Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
Their minds are so clouded with lies from the Adversary that they are blind.
Minds is noema. Noema is only used six times in God’s Word with five of those occurrences in Second Corinthians. It is mostly used in a negative sense.
2 Corinthians 2:11 The Adversary’s devices.
2 Corinthians 3:14 Israel not seeing the Old Testament.
2 Corinthians 4:4 Those who are perishing are blinded.
2 Corinthians 10:5 Those things that exalt themselves against the knowledge of God.
2 Corinthians 11:3 Minds corrupted through subtilty.
All are negative uses. Then, finally in Philippians.
Philippians 4:7 Do not be anxious but go to God in prayer and supplication.
Noema is the process of a mind that is functioning incorrectly. Whether it is due to pride, arrogance, deception or anxiousness, the only solution is to turn to God.
The final occurrence of the gospel of Christ is in 2 Corinthians 10.
2 Corinthians 10:14
For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as though we reached not unto you: for we are come as far as to you also in preaching the gospel of Christ:
In the context Paul is dealing with false apostles who are attacking his name and character in order to attack the gospel of Christ he has taught. The attacks, accusations, began in First Corinthians. The same is true for every believer who stands upon and speaks God’s Word. Attack you, to undercut the message.
2 Corinthians 11:13-14
For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel; for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.
These false apostles look good, say the right things, carry themselves well. But how you identify them is by the lies they tell. These false apostles say Paul’s letters are bold, but he is weak in his physical presence and his speech is not very skillful. (2 Corinthians 10:10). Attacking the messenger in order to undercut the message. What did the Pharisees and Sadducees say of Jesus? You see it time and again in God’s Word, beginning in Genesis chapter three.
Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
The woman was not formed, made, or created when God gave His instructions to Adam and instructed Adam to guard the doctrine of the Garden. It was Adam who gave to the woman the words of God. Did God really say? Did Adam get it right? Why would God tell him and not you? Slander the messenger to undercut the message.
1 Thessalonians 3:6
But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also to see you:
Attack the messenger to undercut the message. In Thessalonica they did not believe the personal attacks.
1 Thessalonians 2:2-6
For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile: But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts. For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God is witness: Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.
2 Corinthians 12:12
Truly the signs of an apostle were wrought among you in all patience, in signs, and wonders, and mighty deeds.
The only way to deal with this type of adversity is for the believer to be bold, to be courageous.
2 Corinthians 10:1-2
Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold toward you: But I beseech you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
The word “bold” is tharreo and it means to be of good courage. This word is also used in verse two. Then we have the word “confident” which is the word pepoithesis and it means a confident trust. Then we have the word “bold” again, but it is the Greek word tolmao, which means a physical boldness or daring. These three form the figure of speech synonymia.
The figure of speech synonymia is a repetition of words different in sound and origin, but similar in shades of meaning. 4 These words are showing us that the child of God must be bold, courageous, having no fear. To be confident, trusting in who God has made him to be, as a citizen of heaven. Then, when the situation is there step out, step forward, be daring, bold in presence.
What has the gospel pertaining to Christ taught us so far?
More than I can sum up in a few paragraphs and we have only scratched the surface of what God has accomplished for His children in Christ.
I would like you to do me a favor in the morning after you first read this teaching. Get in front of a mirror, then read 1 Corinthians 2:7-8 aloud or to yourself. Then, look at yourself in the mirror realizing the Adversary would rather have faced Jesus Christ every day, after day, with defeat upon defeat. Then face you and your brothers and sisters in Christ.
You can keep that smile on your face. God likes your smile. 😊
1. E.W. Bullinger Companion Bible Appendix 17, Genitive case. Also Figures of Speech Used in the Bible, page 995.
2. Precept Austin, word studies, new and verse by verse Romans 12:2
3. E.W. Bullinger, Companion Bible, Appendix 104 Prepositions
4. Synonymia; or Synonymous Words - Bullinger's Figures of Speech Used in the Bible - StudyLight.org
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